Our project investigates the changing food and nutrition environment in the context of rapid urbanisation in Africa. The overall aim is to explore food consumption patterns and practices and the factors associated with them in two African cities (Nairobi and Accra). The project is divided into three interrelated work packages.
Work package 1
This work package will synthesise evidence on current food consumption patterns and practices and examine their social and physical determinants. It will gather all known secondary data on food consumption patterns and practices for the two countries and undertake a meta-analysis of demographic and social correlates of these. A systematic review will be undertaken to explore the current state of knowledge regarding the factors influencing food consumption patterns and practices in urban Africa.
A mixed methods data collection approach will also be undertaken including a 24-hour dietary recall to collect information on participants’ food consumption and practices. This will be combined with a Photovoice exercise to examine which social and physical factors influence participants’ food consumption. This will be supplemented with spatial data on the features of the neighbourhoods of participants that may influence food choices. Finally, results will be synthesised to produce a conceptual framework to understand the factors that influence food consumption in these two African cities.
Work package 2
This work package will develop context-appropriate policy. It will examine the current range of existing policies in each country, and explore how they relate to our framework map. We will produce guidelines for encouraging healthy diets and review current interventions to explore their effectiveness. A realist literature review will identify what works for whom under what circumstances, resulting in a policy brief detailing our findings and identifying gaps.
Work package 3
The third work package will focus on knowledge translation and disseminating findings to key policy makers and the public. It will involve a photography exhibition based on work package 1, as well as national stakeholder meetings.