Race, ethnicity and child development

 Funded by University of Sheffield Economics Department 

 What are the aims of this project?

This research aims to explore the effects of racism, experienced directly or indirectly, on child development and childhood outcomes.

 Why is this important?

From an early age, children interact with other children and adults within and outside of the family environment, and the outcomes of these interactions may shape child development and wellbeing. In addition, the interactions of parents with wider society may also play a role in shaping child outcomes if children witness these interactions or if these interactions influence the parenting received by the child. To date, there is very little evidence on the extent to which child and parental interactions with wider society matter for child development and wellbeing. We will address this issue by looking specifically at the effect of racism, which children may experience directly or vicariously through the experiences of parents, on children’s outcomes.

How will the research be carried out?

We will undertake a literature review to examine measures of racism and ways of exploring the relationships between racism and child outcomes. We will analyse secondary survey and cohort data to examine relationships between experience of racism and racist incidents and indicators of child development.

Timeframe:

February 2015 – March  2016

Who is undertaking the research?

Dr Ana Nuevo-Chiqeuro (Economics), Dr Anita Ratcliffe (Economics), Dr Gurleen Popli (Economics), Professor Sarah Salway (ScHARR)

How are stakeholders being engaged?

The project will engage with stakeholders including members of the public and policy and practice communities via a one day conference to be held in January 2016.

What will be the outputs from the study?

Findings will be used to inform the development of a more detailed, follow on research study. Findings will also be shared through presentations and academic papers.


Tailoring physical activity interventions to meet the needs of minority ethnic groups in England

This project is supported by CLAHRC YH

Aims of this project

  1. To establish the characteristics of physical activity interventions/programmes that prioritise minority ethnic community participation in England
  2. To identify the characteristics of ‘tailoring’ of interventions that account for minority ethnic population needs

Why is this important?

Adapted public health interventions have widespread support as a means of challenging health inequity. Minority ethnic populations in the UK and across the Global North continue to display disadvantage in several health domains such as cardio-vascular disease and diabetes (Bhopal 2009). Physical activity interventions can play a positive role in reducing the risk of such conditions. Rates of participation in physical activity among minority ethnic populations are, however, low relative to the White British population in the UK. This research uses an existing national database to examine the characteristics of physical activity interventions intended for diverse populations. It is an opportunity to assess the current ‘state of the field’ and areas of emergent practice.

How will the research be carried out?

Analysis of an English database of physical activity interventions has been used to identify and analyse adaptations for minority ethnic participation. From this, case studies have been built to demonstrate good practice.

Timeframe: November 2014-December 2015

Who is undertaking the research?

Liz Such

How are stakeholders being engaged?

Stakeholders are being consulted in the identification and exploration of case studies and in ‘sense checking’ of the findings on adaptation.

What will be the outputs from the study?

A case study summary will be produced for consultation with community based organisations and other local partners. A peer reviewed journal paper.